July 11, 2018
Düsseldorf is the capital and second-largest city of the German province of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, as well as the seventh-largest city in Germany. The city has been ranked as the sixth most livable city in the world. Düsseldorf is renowned for its fashion and trade fairs, and is headquarters to one Fortune Global 500 and two DAX companies.
Lying at the confluence of the Rhine and its tributary Düssel, the city lies in the centre of both the Rhine-Ruhr and the Rhineland Metropolitan Regions with the Cologne/Bonn urban area to its south and the Ruhr to its north. Düsseldorf Airport is Germany’s third-busiest airport after those of Frankfurt and Munich, serving as the most important international airport for the inhabitants of the densely populated Ruhr, Germany’s largest urban area.
There are 22 institutions of higher education in the city, including the Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, the Hochschule Düsseldorf, the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Joseph Beuys, Emanuel Leutze, August Macke, Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, and Andreas Gursky), and the Robert-Schumann-Musikhochschule.
Düsseldorf has become one of the top telecommunications centres in Germany. With two of the four big German providers of mobile frequencies, D2 Vodafone and E-Plus, the city leads the German mobile phone market. There are many foreign information and communication technology companies in Düsseldorf such as Huawei, NTT, Ericsson, Nokia, and GTS, as well as 18 internet service providers located in the capital of North-Rhine Westphalia.
The Düsseldorf cultural scene comprises traditional and avant-garde, classical and glamorous. The world-famous state art collection of North Rhine-Westphalia, the highly acclaimed Deutsche Oper am Rhein, and the Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus (theatre), artistic home of Gustaf Gründgens, are major elements of Düsseldorf’s reputation as a centre of the fine arts.
Düsseldorf is the fashion capital of Germany. The city is both home to major fashion exhibitions, schools, as well as great designers. The city’s most famous contribution to the culture of modern popular music is the avant-garde electronic-music band Kraftwerk. Formed by a few Düsseldorf-born musicians, Kraftwerk is internationally known as the most significant band in the history of post-war German music and as pioneers in electronic music.
Düsseldorf features some of the greatest culinary diversity in Germany. Along with a broad range of diverse cultural cuisine, Düsseldorf is home to various Michelin-starred restaurants. The city is known for its strong Dijon-like mustard served in a traditional pot called “Mostertpöttche” commemorated in a still life by Vincent van Gogh.
Düsseldorf is well known for its Altbier, a hoppy beer made by means of a pre-lager brewing method using a warm top-fermenting yeast like British pale ales. Over time, the Alt yeast adjusted to lower temperatures, and the Alt brewers would store or lager the beer after fermentation, leading to a cleaner, crisper beer. The name “altbier” first appeared in the 19th century to differentiate the beers of Düsseldorf from the new pale lager that was gaining a hold on Germany.
The Carlsplatz market is located in the heart of Dusseldorf and includes over 60 stalls offering exotic fruit, regional vegetables, fresh fish, meat and poultry, fresh bread and baked goods, cheese, sweets, coffees, as well as flowers and plants. The market is the oldest operational outdoor marketplace in the city.
Sankt Lambertus is one of four Roman Catholic churches in Düsseldorf’s Old Town, and is probably the oldest building in the historic city center. On the site of the contemporary church stood a Romanesque court chapel, which was raised to a parish church in 1209, then to a collegiate church. On 13 July 1394, the new church was consecrated in honor of the Virgin Mary, and Saints Lambertus, Apollinaris, Thomas and Pankratius. St. Lambert’s today houses a remarkable treasury, including relics and cult objects of Rhineland and South German goldsmiths and silversmiths.
Düsseldorf holds Rhenish Carnival celebrations every year in February/March, the Düsseldorf carnival celebrations being the third most popular in Germany after those held in Cologne and Mainz. Carnival in Düsseldorf. The carnival begins every year on 11 November at 11:11 a.m., reaches its climax on Rosenmontag (Rose Monday), featuring a huge parade through the city, then ends on Aschermittwoch (Ash Wednesday).
Düsseldorf hosts one of the largest Christmas gatherings in Germany, attracting large numbers of people from nearby areas to drink mulled wine and hot chocolate, and watch craftsman blow glass and create art.
Düsseldorf and Cologne have an intense regional rivalry that applies to its carnival parades, football, ice hockey and beer. People in Cologne prefer Kölsch while people in Düsseldorf prefer Alt. Waiters and patrons will pretend to make a mockery of people who order Alt beer in Cologne and Kölsch in Düsseldorf.
(Narrative excerpted from Wikipedia, www.lambertuspfarre.de and www.carlsplatz-markt.de)